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How to choose between fiber laser cutting machine and CO2 laser cutting machine

With its excellent performance, laser equipment is increasingly used in all walks of life. Laser equipment can be roughly divided into: laser cutting machine, laser engraving machine, laser marking machine, laser slicer, laser medical equipment, and other laser equipment. At present, the laser cutting machines used for material cutting on the market can be roughly divided into two types: fiber laser cutting machines and CO2 laser cutting machines .

To know how to buy a laser cutting machine, you first need to know the difference between fiber laser and CO2 laser

1. Different luminous media

Fiber lasers generate lasers through diode pumping and use flexible fiber optic cables to transmit laser beams, while CO2 lasers generate lasers by exciting the nitrogen and carbon dioxide gas in the cavity, and then transmit the beams through mirrors.

2. Different structure

At the same power, fiber lasers are more compact than CO2 lasers

3. Different electro-optical conversion efficiency

The conversion efficiency of a general CO2 laser is about 10%, and the conversion efficiency of a fiber laser is about 30%

4. The laser wavelength is different

The wavelength of fiber laser is 1.06μm, and the wavelength of CO2 laser is 9.3μm~10.6μm. Therefore, the focused spot of fiber laser is smaller than that of CO2 laser, the cutting speed is faster, and the processing efficiency is higher.

So, since fiber lasers have so many advantages, isn't it obvious how to choose between the two? Existence is reasonable, and CO2 laser has its advantages.

Different cutting materials have different light absorption rates at different wavelengths. Non-metallic materials such as wood, cloth, plastic, acrylic, etc. have low absorption rates for fiber lasers, while CO2 lasers have high absorption rates for metal or non-metal materials. Therefore, fiber laser is only suitable for cutting metal materials, while CO2 laser can be used for cutting metal materials and non-metal materials. In addition, the cutting surface of CO2 laser has good smoothness and high verticality, which is more suitable for cutting materials with high precision requirements.

Therefore, in the sheet metal processing industry, everyone generally chooses fiber laser cutting machines, while in the non-metallic material processing industry, especially precision processing and advanced crafts processing, everyone still chooses to use CO2 laser cutting machines.

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